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首页 > > 行业词库

法律类专业英语词汇

  

       法律类专业英语词汇

 

  民事法律英语词汇

  (A,B)

  按份共有 several possession

  按份之债 several obligation

  版权 copyright

  包办婚姻 arranged marriage

  保证 guaranty/guarantee

  保证合同 contract of guaranty

  保证金 guaranty bond; security deposit

  保证人 guarantor

  被代理人(本人) principal

  本代理 original agency

  本代理人 original agent

  次代理 subagency

  代理权 right of agency

  代理行为 act of agency

  表见代理 agency by estoppel;

  apparent agency

  不安抗辩权 unstable counter-argument right

  不当得利 unjust enrichment

  不当履行 misfeasance

  不可抗力 force majeure

  不可侵犯权 inviolability

  不要式民事法律行为 informal civil legal act

  不要因民事法律行为 noncausative civil legal act

  不作为 omission

  (C)

  财产担保 property guarantee

  财产分割 partition; dismemberment of property

  财团法人 legal body of financial group

  采矿权 mining ownership

  产品瑕疵 defect of product

  撤销权 right of claiming cancellation

  承包经营权 right to contracted management

  承认权 right of admission

  诚实信用原则 principle of good faith

  乘人之危 taking advantage of others’ precarious position

  程序法 procedural law

  驰名商标 reputed trademark

  处分权 right of disposing; jus dispodendi

  创造性 creativity

  创作 creation

  从民事法律行为 accessory civil legal act

  从债 accessory obligation

  (D)

  大陆法 continental law

  大陆法系 civil law system

  代位继承 representation; succession by subrogation

  代位权 subrogated right

  单独继承 single succession

  单方民事法律行为 unilateral civil legal act

  单一之债 single obligation

  担保物权 real right for security

  盗版VCD pirated VCD

  等价有偿原则 principle of equal value exchange

  抵销 setoff

  抵押标的物 collateral; estate under mortgage

  抵押权 hypothec; right to mortgage

  抵押权的次序 sequence of right to mortgage

  抵押权的抛弃 abandonment of right to mortgage

  抵押权的让与 alienation of right to mortgage

  抵押权的设定 creation of right to mortgage

  抵押权的实现 materialization of right to mortgage

  抵押权的消灭 extinction of right to mortgage

  抵押权的效力 defect of right to mortgage

  抵押权人 mortgagee

  抵押人 mortgagor

  抵押物登记 registration of estate under mortgage

  抵押优先权 priority of mortgage

  地上权 superficies

  地役权 servitude; easement

  第一顺序继承人 successor first in order

  佃权 tenant right

  定金 earnest money; deposit

  独生子女 only child

  多方民事法律行为 joint act civil legal act

  ( E, F)

  恶意占有 malicious possession

  发表权 right of publication

  发明创造 invention and creation

  发明权 right of invention

  发现权 right of discovery

  法定代理人 statutory agent; legal agent

  法定继承 legal succession

  法定违约金 liquidated damages by law

  法定之债 legal obligation

  法定孳息 legal fruits

  法律婚 legal marriage

  法律渊源 source of law

  法人 legal person

  法人合伙 partnership of legal person

  法人型联营 association of legal persons

  防卫行为 act of defense

  非婚生子女 illegitimate child

  非专属权 non-exclusive right

  否认权 right of claiming cancellation

  夫妻分居 divorce a mensa et thoro; divorce from bed and board

  夫妻共同财产 community property

  夫妻关系 conjugal relationship

  服务商标 service trademark

  抚恤金 pension

  附期限民事法律行为 civil legal act with term

  复婚 resumption of marriage

  ( G )

  感情破裂 incompatibility

  个人独资企业 individual business establishment

  个人合伙 partnership

  个体工商户 individual business

  给付 give; pay

  工业产权 industrial property

  公法 public law

  公力救济 public protection

  公民 citizen

  公平原则 principle of justice

  公序良俗 public order and moral

  共同共有 joint possession

  共同继承 joint succession

  固有法 native law; indigenous law

  关联企业 affiliate enterprise

  广告商标 advertisement trademark

  国民待遇原则 doctrine of national treatment

  国有独资企业 solely state-owned enterprise

  (H)

  合法行为 lawful act

  合伙财产 property of partnership

  合伙人 partner

  合伙协议 partnership agreement

  合伙型联营 coordinated management in partnership

  合伙债务 debt of partnership

  合同之债 contractual obligation

  合作社 cooperative

  衡平法 equity; law of equity

  户籍 census register

  婚后财产公证 notarization of postnuptial properties

  婚生子女 legitimate child

  婚姻、家庭、继承、收养 marriage, family, inheritance, adoption

  婚姻登记 marriage registration

  婚姻法 marital law; marriage law

  货币 currency

  获得报酬权right to get payment/remuneration

  ( J, K )

  计划生育 birth control

  技术诀窍 know-how

  继承参与人 succession participant

  继承法 inheritance law; law of succession

  继承人 heir; successor

  间接继承 indirect succession

  监护 guardianship

  简单之债 simple obligation

  教会法 ecclesiastical law

  解除权 right of renouncement

  紧急避险 act of rescue; necessity

  近似商标 similar trademark

  禁止规范 forbidding norm

  经常居住地 frequently dwelling place

  经营权 managerial authority; power of management

  精神损害 moral/mental/spiritual damage

  救济权 right of relief

  居所 residence

  绝对权 absolute right

  抗辩权 right of defense

  可撤销民事行为 revocable civil act

  ( L, M )

  离婚 divorce

  利用权 right to make use of

  例外法 exception law

  连带之债 joint obligation

  联营 joint venture

  林权 forest ownership

  留置权 lien

  录制权 right of fixation

  律师代理 agency by lawyer

  罗马法 Roman Law

  罗马法系 Roman law system

  埋藏物 fortuna; hidden property

  买卖婚姻 mercenary marriage

  民法法律规范 norm of civil law

  民法法系 civil law system

  民法基本原则 fundamental principles of civil law

  民事法律行为 civil legal act

  民事合伙 civil partnership

  民事权利能力 civil right capacity

  民事行为 civil act

  名称权 right of name

  名誉权 right of reputation

  明示保证 express guaranty

  命令性规范 commanding norm

  默示保证 implied guaranty

  ( N, P )

  拟制血亲 blood relations in fiction of law

  农村承包经营户 leaseholding rural household

  诺成性民事法律行为 consenting civil legal act

  判例法 case law; precedent

  旁系血亲 collateral blood relation

  配偶 spouse

  剽窃 plagiary; plagiarism

  漂流物 drifting object

  平等原则 principle of equality

  普通代理 general agency

  普通法 common law

  普通合伙 general partnership

  期待权 expectant right

  欺诈 fraud

  ( Q )

  企业法人 legal body of enterprise

  企业集团 group of enterprise

  亲权parental right

  亲属权 right of relative

  侵权行为 tort

  侵权行为之债 tort obligation

  清偿 discharge; satisfaction

  情事变更原则 doctrine of change of circumstances

  请求权 right of claim

  全权代理 general agency

  全权代理委托书 general power of attorney

  权利本位 standard of right

  权利的保护 protection of right

  ( R )

  让与担保 alienation guarantee

  人格权 right of personality

  人权 human right

  人身权利 personal right

  人身损害 damage to person

  人役权 servitus personarum; personal servitude

  任意之债 voluntary obligation

  日尔曼法 Germanic law

  荣誉权 right of honor

  入伙 join partnership

  ( S )

  善意占有 possession in good faith

  商标代理 trademark agency

  商标公告 trademark gazette

  商标国际注册 international registration of trademark

  商标评审委员会 trade review and appraisal board

  商标侵权 trademark infringement

  商标权 trademark right

  商标审查 trademark examination

  商标使用许可协议 trademark licensing agreement

  商标事务所 trademark office

  商标注册trademark register

  商品商标 commodity trademark

  社会本位 standard of society

  社团法人 legal body of mass organization

  涉外婚姻 marriage with foreign elements

  涉外收养 adoption with foreign elements

  申请在先原则 prior application rule

  身份权 right of status

  生命健康权 right of life and health

  生前民事法律行为 civil legal act before death

  实际履行原则 doctrine of specific performance

  实践性民事法律行为 practical civil legal act

  实体法 substantial law

  实用新型 utility model

  实用性 practicability

  使用权 right of use; right to use of

  使用收益分享权 right to share usufruct

  使用在先 priority of use

  世袭继承 hereditary succession

  市民法 jus civile

  事实婚 de facto marriage

  收回权 right of recall; right of retrieval

  收养法 adoption law

  收养人 adoptive parent/adopter

  收养协议 adoption agreement

  收益权 right to earnings; right to yields

  受托人 trustee

  授权规范 authorization norm

  授权委托书 power of attorney

  授权行为 act of authorization

  署名权 right of authorship; right of paternity

  司法解释 judicial interpretation

  私法 private law

  私力救济 self-protection

  私生活秘密权 right of privacy

  私营企业 private enterprise; proprietorship

  寺院法 canon law

  送养人 person or institution placing out a child for adoption

  诉讼离婚 divorce by litigation

  损害赔偿之债 obligation of compensation for injury; obligation of damages

  所有权 dominium; ownership; title

  所有权凭证 document of title; title of ownership

  ( T )

  他物权 jus in re aliena

  探视权 visitation right

  特别法 special law

  特别合伙 special partnership

  特别留置权 special lien

  特定之债 certain obligation

  特许权使用费 royalties

  提存 debtor’s submission of the subject matter of obligation to competent authority

  天然孳息 natural fruits

  同居 cohabitation

  同时履行抗辩权 defense right of simultaneous performance

  土地使用权 right to the use of land

  退伙 withdrawal from partnership

  ( W )

  外观设计 design; industrial design

  完全行为能力 perfect capacity for act

  完整性保持权 right to maintain integrity

  晚婚 late marriage

  万民法 jus gentium

  违法行为 illegal act; unlawful act

  违约金 liquidated damages

  伪造 forge

  委托代理 agency by mandate

  慰问金 consolation money

  无偿民事法律行为 civil legal act without consideration; civil legal act without award

  无效婚姻 void marriage

  无效行为 ineffective act

  无行为能力 incapacity for act

  无因管理 voluntary service

  无责任行为 irresponsible right

  无主物 bona vacatia; vacant goods; ownerless goods

  物的担保 security for thing

  物的瑕疵担保 warranty against defect of a thing

  物权分类 classification of right in rem/real right

  物上请求权 right of claim for real thing

  误传 misrepresentation

  ( X )

  习惯法 customary law

  先买权 preemption

  显失公平 obvious unjust

  限制行为能力 restrictive capacity for act

  相对权 relative right

  相对人 counterpart; offeree

  相邻权 neighboring right; related right

  肖像权 right of portraiture

  协议离婚 divorce by agreement

  协作型联营 cooperation-type coordinated management

  胁迫 duress

  新颖性 novelty

  信用担保 credit guarantee

  行为能力 capacity for act

  形成权 right of formation

  姓名权 right of name

  修改权 right of modification; right of revision

  选择之债 alternative obligation

  ( Y )

  押金 deposit; foregift

  要式民事法律行为 formal civil legal act

  要因民事法律行为 causative civil legal act

  一夫一妻制 monogamy

  伊斯兰法 Islamic law

  医疗费 medical charge

  医药费 hospital treatment expense

  遗产 inheritance; heritage

  遗产继承人 heir to property; inheritor

  遗失物 lost property

  遗书 last words

  遗言 last will and testament

  遗赠 bequest; legacy; devise(不动产)

  遗赠抚养协议 legacy-support agreement

  遗赠继承 succession by devise

  遗嘱继承 intestate succession

  以合法形式掩盖非法目的 legal form concealing illegal intention

  义务性规范 obligatory norm

  意思表示 declaration of intention

  意思表示一致 meeting of minds; consensus

  意思能力 capacity of will

  意外事件 accident

  隐名合伙 sleeping partnership; dormant partnership

  隐私权 right of privacy

  英吉利法 English law

  英美法系 system of Anglo-American law

  永久性抗辩权 permanent counter-argument right

  用益物权 real right for usufruct

  优先权日 priority date

  优先权原则 doctrine of priority right

  有权代理 authorized agency

  有限合伙 limited partnership

  预付款 advanced payment

  约定违约金 liquidated damages by agreement

  ( Z )

  再代理人 subagent

  早婚 early marriage

  债的担保 guarantee of obligation

  债的履行 performance of obligation

  债权 jus in personam; right to give or procure; claim; creditor’s right

  债权人 creditor

  债券 bond

  债务 debt; liability; obligation

  债务的偿还 payment of debt

  债务的偿清 discharge of debt

  债务的担保 guarantee of debt

  债务的给付日期 debt maturity

  债务的合并 consolidation of debt

  债务的免除 exemption of debt

  债务人 debtor

  占有权 dominium utile; equitable ownership

  贞操权 virginity right

  正当防卫 justifiable right; legitimate defense

  证券 securities

  支配权 right of dominion

  知识产权 intellectual property

  知识产权国际保护 international protection of intellectual property

  直系血亲 lineal descent

  指定代理人 designated agent

  制定法 statute

  质权right of pledge

  智力成果 intellectual property

  中华人民共和国专利局 Patent Office of the People’s Republic of China

  中外合资企业 Sino-foreign joint venture enterprise

  中外合作企业 Sino-foreign contractual enterprise

  终止权 right of termination

  种类之债 indefinite obligation

  重大误解 gross misunderstanding

  重婚 bigamy

  主民事法律行为 principal civil legal act

  主债 prime/principal obligation

  住所 domicile

  注册商标使用许可 licensing of registered trademark

  注册商标转让 assignment of registered trademark

  著作财产权 property right in work

  著作邻接权 neighboring right of copyright

  著作权人 copyright owner

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